Linq left join

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Linq left join

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NET 5. Live Training Schedules.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I've found lots of samples of the latter but am struggling to get the right answer for my scenario.

I need to get the join to match on a. To give a little more info, the purpose of the query is to get a projection containing all of the fields from 'a' plus a count of the matching records in 'b'. I've amended the sample above to try and illustrate what I'm after. When I run with the above using the approach Jon Skeet has noted I'm getting a count of all records from a, not the count of the related records in b.

I'm getting the count of the records returned from a - not the count of records in matching in b. I'll give the answer to Jon - I've solved my count issue - I hadn't realized I could use a lamda to filter the count g. Plus I need to group b by a rather than a by a as I had above.

This gives the correct result but the SQL is not as efficient as I'd write it by hand as it adds a correlated sub query - if anyone can advise a better way of writing it to simulate the following SQL I'd appreciate it! LINQ only directly supports equijoins.

If you want to do any other kind of join, you basically need a cross-join and where :. It's probably worth checking what the generated SQL looks like and what the query plan is like.

There may be more efficient ways of doing it, but this is probably the simplest approach. Which, if you execute on a DB, will be just as efficient. If you execute in-memory Linq to Objectsthis will enumerate all possible combinations, which may be inefficient. More efficient Linq to Objects alternatives are possible.

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The join operator enumerates each source only once, and then does a hash-join, so you could split the or-clause into two seperate joins, and then take their union. A union in linq is just a concatenation without duplicates, so that would look as follows:. This approach works, and it's just one query, but it's somewhat non-obvious in the sense that the performance characteristics of the code depend on understanding in detail how linq works. Personally, if you want to do a hash-join with potentially multiple matches, a more obvious tool is ToLookup.In a previous post, we saw how to do an Inner join in C and LINQ where each element of the first collection appears one time for every matching element in the second collection.

If an element in the first collection has no matching elements, it does not appear in the join result set. However in a Left Outer Join, each element of the first collection is returned, regardless of whether it has any correlated elements in the second collection. In the code shown above, the query uses the join clause to match Book objects with Order objects testing it for equality using the equals operator.

Up till here, the query is the same as in our previous article. Additionally in order to include each element of the Book collection in the result set even if that element has no matches in the Order collection, we are using DefaultIfEmpty and passing in an empty instance of the Order class, when there is no Order for that Book. You can compare this result with the one we got in our previous article to understand the difference between Inner Join and Left Outer Join. Nice post. Orders select o.

You just need to be sure to set up FKs in your database. PaymentMode is IEnumerable collection packed anonymous object. It may be empty. Using this structure in pure C code is not a problem but sending it to Reporting Services requires additional transformations. It would be nice if your example was for a left outer join on a DB table rather than two hard coded objects.

Nice Code, but to specify each field in "select" is very "static" I would say. My problem is, that do not know the data structure i'am going to join, because it will be specified by user interactions in runtime.

I want to join two "EnumerableRowCollection"s with unknown fields, but linq allows me only to "select" one of the entity structures at the end. Field baseColumn equals joinAlias.

My idea was to "create" a new "DataRow" by my own, but this will not result in a correct join-entity at the end. Take a look Columns, joinTable. Columns, joinedQueryResult.

linq left join

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About The Author. NET Controls. Follow him on twitter suprotimagarwal. Newer Post Older Post Home. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.Please read the following three articles before proceeding to this article as they both are required to understand the Left Outer Join. The left join or left outer join is a join in which each data from the first data source is going to be returned irrespective of whether it has any correlated data present in the second data source or not.

LINQ – Left Join Example in C#

Please have a look at the following diagram which shows the graphical representation of Left Outer Join. So, in simple words, we can say that the Left Outer Join is going to return all the matching data from both the data sources as well as all the non-matching data from the left data source.

In such cases, for the non-matching data, it will take null values for the second data source. We are going to use the following Employee and Address models in this demo.

linq left join

Please create a class file and then copy and paste the following code. As you can see, here we also created two methods which will be going to return the respective Employees and Addresses which are going to be our data source. Here we hard-coded the data sources but in real-time you will get the data from a database. If you further notice we have two employees with address id 0 that means these two employees do not have a matching address in the address data source.

In order to perform the left outer join using query syntax, you need to call the DefaultIfEmpty method on the results of a group join. The first step to implement a left outer join is to perform an inner join by using a group join. In the below example, the list of Employees is inner-joined to the list of Addresses based on the Address Id of Employee object that matches the ID of the Address object. The following code does the same. In the second step, we need to include each element of the first i.

In order to do this, we need to call the DefaultIfEmpty method on each sequence of matching elements from the group join. In our example, we need to call the DefaultIfEmpty method on each sequence of matching Address objects.

The DefaultIfEmpty method returns a collection that contains a single, default value if the sequence of matching Address object is empty for any Employee object which will ensure that each Employee object is represented in the result collection. The following code exactly does the same thing.

Note: The default value for a reference type is null. So, you need to check for the null reference before accessing each element of Address collection. The complete code is given below.

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So, let us rewrite the previous example using Method Syntax as shown below. It will give you the same output as the previous example. I feel it always better to use Query Syntax over Method Syntax to perform left outer join in Linq as it is simple and easy to understand. Let us see how to return an anonymous type with user-defined properties using Linq left join in C. Note: If you want to perform Right outer join then simply exchange the data source.Typically, if you do a join in LINQ, it will perform an inner join where it only returns the records that contain results in both sides of the evaluation in both tables.

linq left join

Consider the case in Northwind where an Order record exists, but there are no order detail lines. If you want to include the orders regardless of whether it has any detail lines, you would need to turn this inner join into an outer join using the DefaultIfEmpty extension method.

LINQ only supports left outer joins. If you want a right outer join, you need to flip the logic of your query to turn it into a left outer join. In order to use the DefaultIfEmpty, you typically need to push the joined set into a temporary value first and then select from it using the DefaultIfEmpty method:. There is an issue with using this syntax when joining nullable values or strings.

Note that in this case, we have an additional clause checking for Extent2. This may seem innocuous, but I have found in at least one case for the query execution to be significantly slower due to the use of an index scan rather than an index seek caused by this clause.

Here you have to be careful when crafting your queries and monitor performance even more carefully to avoid performance bottlenecks unnecessarily. While this version works better, I still prefer to use associations rather than joins to think about the problem from more of an object graph perspective rather than set based operations. As long as you have a natural association between the entities I much prefer using the associations to navigate through than to have to worry about building out the joins manually each time.

We can restate our join even more simply as follows using associations:. Note that if you omit the DefaultIfEmpty clause, you would get an Inner join rather than left outer join. If you have other ways of creating outer joins in LINQ that you prefer, let me know what you thinq.

OrderID equals od. In order to use the DefaultIfEmpty, you typically need to push the joined set into a temporary value first and then select from it using the DefaultIfEmpty method: from o in Orders join innerOD in OrderDetails on o. OrderID equals innerOD. OrderID into Inners from od in Inners.

As is often the case, Microsoft often gives multiple ways to accomplish the same goal. By mixing and matching the LINQ query comprehensions and lambda syntax, we can restate the above query as follows: from o in Orders from od in OrderDetails. We can restate our join even more simply as follows using associations: from o in Orders from od in o.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Is there any way to do that with where clause? Correct problem: For inner join is easy and I have a solution like this.

If a database driven LINQ provider is used, a significantly more readable left outer join can be written as such:. Note It should be noted that from alias in Repo. Where condition. Also, If you're doing it in LinqObjects instead of LinqSQLyou should do it the old-fashioned way because LINQ to SQL translates this correctly to join operations, but over objects this method forces a full scan, and doesn't take advantage of index searches, whyever Take a look at this example.

linq left join

This query should work:. Now, if the right hand side is the result of a separate LINQ query, it will consist of anonymous types, which can only either be 'something' or 'null'. If it's an enumerable however e. Note that for a nullable DateTime, a type of DateTime? I would like to add that if you get the MoreLinq extension there is now support for both homogenous and heterogeneous left joins now. This will ensure that it stays as an IQueryable in case you need to do further logical operations on it later.

This is essentially the left join. The into expression returns data even if the category table is empty. To access the properties of the category table, we must now select from the enumerable result by adding the from cl in catList. DefaultIfEmpty statement. This is a simulation of Left Join. If each item in B table not match to A itemBItem return null.

C# LINQ Joins With SQL

If you need to join and filter on something, that can be done outside of the join. Filter can be done after creating the collection. If the object is null so no matchthen return what is after the?

Linq to SQL left outer join using Lambda syntax and joining on 2 columns composite join key. Get the code hereor clone my github repoand play! Overview: In this code snippet, I demonstrate how to group by ID where Table1 and Table2 have a one to many relationship. I group on Id, Field1, and Field2.

The subquery is helpful, if a third Table lookup is required and it would have required a left join relationship.

I show a left join grouping and a subquery linq. The results are equivalent. Learn more. Asked 10 years, 2 months ago. Active 3 months ago. Viewed k times. Selim Yildiz 3, 6 6 gold badges 13 13 silver badges 24 24 bronze badges. Toy Toy 5, 3 3 gold badges 13 13 silver badges 4 4 bronze badges.A left outer join is a join in which each element of the first collection is returned, regardless of whether it has any correlated elements in the second collection. The following example demonstrates how to use the DefaultIfEmpty method on the results of a group join to perform a left outer join.

The first step in producing a left outer join of two collections is to perform an inner join by using a group join. See Perform inner joins for an explanation of this process.

In this example, the list of Person objects is inner-joined to the list of Pet objects based on a Person object that matches Pet. The second step is to include each element of the first left collection in the result set even if that element has no matches in the right collection. This is accomplished by calling DefaultIfEmpty on each sequence of matching elements from the group join.

In this example, DefaultIfEmpty is called on each sequence of matching Pet objects. The method returns a collection that contains a single, default value if the sequence of matching Pet objects is empty for any Person object, thereby ensuring that each Person object is represented in the result collection. The default value for a reference type is null ; therefore, the example checks for a null reference before accessing each element of each Pet collection. Skip to main content. Contents Exit focus mode.

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Example The following example demonstrates how to use the DefaultIfEmpty method on the results of a group join to perform a left outer join. Note The default value for a reference type is null ; therefore, the example checks for a null reference before accessing each element of each Pet collection. Is this page helpful?

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